The Diamond Sūtra (金剛般若波羅蜜多經)

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The Diamond Sūtra (Sanskrit: Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra), is a short and well-known Mahāyāna sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā, or “Perfection of Wisdom” genre, and emphasizes the practice of non-abiding and non-attachment.

A copy of the Diamond Sūtra, found among the Dunhuang manuscripts in the early 20th century, is, in the words of the British Library, “the earliest complete survival of a dated printed book.”

The earliest known Sanskrit title for the sūtra is the Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra. In English, shortened forms such as Diamond Sūtra and Vajra Sūtra are common. The Diamond Sūtra has also been highly regarded in a number of Asian countries where Mahāyāna Buddhism has been traditionally practiced. Translations of this title into the languages of some of these countries include:

Sanskrit: वज्रच्छेदिकाप्रज्ञापारमितासूत्र, Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra
Chinese: 金剛般若波羅蜜多經, jīngāng bōrěbōluómìduō jīng, shortened to 金剛經, jīngāng jīng
Japanese: 金剛般若波羅蜜多経, kongou hannyaharamita kyou, shortened to 金剛経, kongou kyou
Korean: 금강반야바라밀경, geumgang banyabaramil gyeong, shortened to 금강경, geumgang gyeong
Vietnamese Kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa kinh, shortened to Kim cương kinh
Tibetan (Wylie): ‘phags pa shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa rdo rje gcod pa zhes bya ba theg pa chen po’i mdo

Kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa kinh, là một bộ kinh quan trọng thuộc hệ Bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa kinh, được lưu truyền rộng rãi vùng Đông Á. Kinh còn mang những tên ngắn khác là Kim cương kinh, Kim cương bát-nhã kinh.

Hiện có 6 bản dịch của kinh này trong Hán tạng. Kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật kinh (zh. 金剛般若波羅蜜經), Cưu-ma-la-thập dịch Kim cương năng đoạn bát-nhã-ba-la-mật kinh (zh. 金剛能斷般若波羅蜜經), Đạt-ma-cấp-đa dịch Kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật kinh (zh. 金剛般若波羅蜜經), Chân Đế dịch. Kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật kinh (zh. 金剛般若波羅蜜經), Bồ-đề-lưu-chi dịch. Năng đoạn kim cương phần (zh. 能斷金剛分), hội thứ 9 của bộ Đại bát-nhã kinh, Huyền Trang dịch. Phật thuyết năng đoạn kim cương bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa kinh (zh. 佛說能斷金剛般若波羅蜜多經), Nghĩa Tịnh dịch.

Phạn bản của kinh này đã được Edward Conze dịch và chú giải. Trong tất cả các bản Hán dịch thì bản của Cưu-ma-la-thập là nổi danh nhất, được dịch sang tiếng Việt nhiều nhất.

Tên Phạn Vajracchedikā Prajñāpāramitā đã được tìm thấy và xác nhận ở nhiều bản dịch, thứ nhất là bản Hán của Đạt-ma-cấp-đa, sau là bản dịch tiếng Tây Tạng và trong tác phẩm Tập Bồ Tát học luận của Tịch Thiên. Nhà Ấn Độ học Max Müller gọi ngắn là Diamond Sutra, ta cũng thường gặp tên ngắn là kinh Kim cương. Nguyên nghĩa của tên Phạn là “Bài kinh về một loại Bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa [sắc bén] có khả năng cắt đứt cả kim cương”.

Comments

25 Comments

  1. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    pijesma je jako lijepa ,ne razumijem baš tekst,takva je baš kako bih je
     ja otpijevao.

  2. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    love it so much <3 everytime i am listening to this i start to crie 🙂

  3. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    i love too
    

  4. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    I got this hope is your looking for www2.hf.uio.no/polyglotta/index.php?page=fulltext&view=fulltext&vid=22

  5. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    i love

  6. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    Anyone knows where i can buy the chinese text with pinyin?? i am only able to find the english translations….
    love this sutra so much <3 it teachs you so much in only 40 minutes, it's great 🙂

  7. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    he/she is just saying mind is a real fool and a true sinner. He/she did not say anyone is, just that the mind is a real fool and a true sinner. so he/she was mindful to say that the mind is a real fool and a true sinner and anyone but the mind.

  8. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    This is absolutely beautiful! What cd is it on and I will buy it in a heartbeat!

  9. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    Hi Dharma Brothers and Sisters, may I ask where can I buy her albums in Singapore?

  10. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    what? i am a sinner :Đ

  11. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    @ buddhafollower please be mindfull in your speak. Please consider your id name that you used =)

  12. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    There is no saint without a past, and no sinner without a future.
    -Paramahamsa Nithyananda

  13. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    ” Ưng vô sở trụ nhi sanh kì tâm”
    Đại trí tuệ – Great wisdom.

  14. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    you cannot understand whay i am saying because you are a fool, that s why. and stop saying that you don’t have negative emotions. you have them, but on a very subtle level. the fact that you don get angry is because of a positive karma from your past, a karma created in meditation. be humble, be meekly. don’t praise your good qualities, because you will become like Lucifer :)). people who are humble are allways happy. in everything you do, you must! have the motivation to help others, always

  15. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    you cannot understand whay i am saying because you are a fool, that s why. and stop saying that you don’t have negative emotions. you have them, but on a very subtle level. the fact that you don get angry is because of a positive karma from your past, a karma created in meditation. be humble, be meekly. don’t praise your good qualities, because you will become like Lucifer :)). people who are humble are allways happy. in everything you do, you must! have the motivation to help others, always

  16. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    okay i am, no problem. have you read what i have said? everything? do you understand now how to cultivate? even if you don’t have anger ”now”, it’s ok, it will appear. i was like this at the beginning. you have to think, will i be the same in the future lifes also? the ten precepts is not such a great problem. but you have to meditate allmost all day long also :). and your meditation to be of a high level :). that is whae you start to create a karma that has the potential to return to you

  17. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    Umm, i do not commit any sins; maybe in the past i have bad karma… So am i a great sinner even though i have cultivated myself according to the 10 precepts.

  18. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    ok…. Is this even a reply?? Are you ok? U sound as though you are lost… U need help??

  19. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    I,m sorry. I do not get angry at all. But i cannot comprehend what you are saying???

  20. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    one more thing, :)) every time you are angry, you destroy from your soul enything virtuous that you have created, thus creating nwe causes for nagativity in the future. how does that sound like? :)) good luck, great sinner 😉 see ya in hell 🙂

  21. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    mind, a real fool :)) a true sinner.

  22. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    it just moves me to tears to think that i will keep making sins in the future with no discernment. if i have the great honour, and Someone out there Hears me, the great sinner, and wants to help me and heal me forever, then, out of regret for my sins and hope for Good, how can i will be able ot refuse? am i that idiotic? am i on the path to become a demon? sometimes i console myself by thinking that i will become a Buddha somewhere in the future…:)). what a child. an adult with a childish

  23. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    a Buddha :D. does it seems hard? :(( my GOD! The world, the human in today’s sick times, does not even know what he s saying and doing :)) what chances does one like this have? You tell me. My brother, we, humans, idiots :), don’t have the power to save ourselves. we don’t have the power to see the virtue in everything. In today’s times, a simple taught to attain enlightenment through our own powers, comes from the demon. because we cannot. may he become dust! may he have no rest!

  24. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    my words are now filled with some sort of regret for my state of being… and when I think that in the past i have done actions even greater in sin that what i am doing now…it makes me feel even more bad about myself and my own lack of power ot defeat the sin. So, how can we become Buddhas? :)) it s very simple, right now, you are virtue herself :). no anger, no hatred, no displeasure for the way others look, you are love herself, The Holy Love. and so practicing, for 3 great Aeons you become

  25. Anonymous says:
    Posted April 26, 2013 at 10:01 pm | Permalink

    a Buddha is indestructible. In all directions, He is infinite, He is supreme, and GOD! how hard is to become One like that! the world considers as virtuous someone who gives food to some beggers, that nourishes them for half a day… this is the unholy world we live in. Let us strugle through the ocean of life. I cannow wait to die and be reborn in The Sukhavati. I just cannot suffer anymore… i am sick of this


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